The Guaraní Indians: A Mystic History
- Full Itinerary
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Guaraní means "warrior" in English. Nowadays we don't know much about these people, whom lived in most parts of South America during the 16th Century. In Paraguay the center zone of the Guarani, only 1% of this population is left. But their culture, and way of life is noticeable everywhere. More then 80% of the Paraguayan speak Yopara a mixture of Spanish and Guaraní. Guaraní and Spanish are the official languages of Paraguay; also the money is called Guaraní. The first Governor insisted the amalgamation between the Spanish and the Indians that's why most of the Paraguayan ancestors are Spanish and Guaraní, but they don't belong to the Indians. Today a lot of the citizens in Paraguay are very proud of their roots, and they try to preserve this culture. A serious problem is that the living circumstances of the real Indians is still a traditional lifestyle and changes very slowly. On this journey we want to try to show you more about these fascinating people, to tell you something about their history, and their traditional way of liveHighlights:
- Asunción city tour
- The Chaco, Mennonites colonies
- Jesuits ruins
- Itaipu Dam
- Iguaçu falls
- 6 overnights stays with breakfast
- Tours, tranfers and entrance detailed
- English speaking Tour-guide
- All the travel in private and air conditioned car
- Asunción: Hotel Bristol ***
- Filadelfia: Hotel Florida ***
- Bella Vista: Hotel Papillon ***
- Foz do Iguaçu: Hotel Foz Plaza ***
Day 1: Asunción
Arrival at the international airport Silvio Petirossi in Asunción and transfer to your hotel, where you have time to refresh after the long trip. In the afternoon we will start our journey with the city tour in Asunción. We will visits sites from the beginning in 1537, the foundation of Asunción, The Independence 1811, rules of President Lopez and today. We will visit the house where the Independence got proclaimed ‘Casa de la independencia‚, the cathedral, the train station, the oldest in whole South America and the national pantheon. You also have the chance to try one of the typical foods, the empanadas in one of the most famous restaurants in Asunción the "Lido".
At the end of our tour we will stop at the market Silvio Petirossi which is a typical market for Latin America.
Day 2: Asunción - Chaco / Filadelfia
We will leave Asunción in the morning driving direction Filadelfia, the capital of the department Boqurón. The Chaco starts after passing one of the two bridges that connect the east and the west of the country. During the travel we will stop a few times so you have the chance to get an impression of the bio-reserve Chaco. We will arrive in Filadelfia in the afternoon. After a little repose we will explore the city and visit the Jakob Unger museum, which tells the story about the beginning of the Mennonite colonies Filadelfia, Loma Plata, Neuland and Menno. We will also visit the diary oft he Mennonites. From here the Mennonites attend the whole country with creamery products.
Day 3: Filadelfia
Today we will spend the day by visiting the salt lakes of Loma Plata, there we also visit the stock farming station of the Mennonites. After this we will hit the way to one of the numerous Estancias where you can show your abilities as a real Gaucho, by milking the cows or throwing the lasso for example. In the afternoon we will drive back to Filadelfia where we spend the night.
Day 4: Filadelfia - Asunció
Today we are going to drive back to Asunión where we will stay for the night.
Day 5: Asunción - Yaguarón - San Igancio - Bella Vista
Our day starts with visiting the oldest church of Paragauy. It was first built in the 17th. Century by the Jesuits and destroyed. In the late 18th century Franciscan monks built a new church which you can visit today. The baroque church is made of wood and it is a very good example for the architecture for missionary churches of the 17th century. It also shows the capacity in arts of the Guaraní. Our journey moves on by passing Villa Florida till we arrive in San Ignacio, an old Jesuit reduction. All villages which contain the name San in their names were all reductions from this era. In San Ignacio we will visit the museum which contains the most quantity of artifacts from the Jesuit time. After this we will visit of the museums, we are going to drive to Santiago a small village near Encarnacion. Santiago is a very good example for the structure how the reductions were built. We might visit the museum and enjoy the tranquility in this village. Before visiting Trinidad and Jesús we will drive to Bella Vista where we are going to stop at our hotel Papillon. After refreshing we will finish our tour for to today by exploring the ruins of Trinidad and Jesus that are a world heritage site since 1993. In the Jesuit time more than 4000 people lived in these reductions under the command of the padres. In Trinidad you will see the dimension of this open air museum. In the evening we hit back to our hotel where we stay for the night.
Day 6: Trinidad - Itaipu - Foz do Iguaçu
After breakfast we will drive 250 km to the north to Ciudad Del Este which is connected to the bridge of friendship to the brazilin territory. Before this we will visit on of the biggest Yerba Mate factories in Paraguay. The Yerba Mate is the national drink of the Paraguayan. In wintertime they drink it hot and in summer time cold, then it is called Terere. When we arrive Ciudad Del Este we will first visit Itaipu, the most power full hydro plant in the world. It is also called one of the wonder of the world in modern times. Here they produce more energy than 12 nuclear plants do. We will visit the museum of the Guaraní (Tierra de los Guaraní) and cross the bridge to get to our Hotel on the Brazilian side.
Day 7: Foz do Iguaçu
In morning we will visit one of the biggest waterfalls in the world; the Falls Of Iguacu has more than 275 falls in a length of 4km and a height of 90 m. Explore on one of the many trails in the natural habitat of this national park and be impressed by these massive falls. After the visit we will drive you to the airport of Foz where you fly to you next Program or your can catch your connecting flight home.
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