Tiradentes Day: Brazil National Holiday
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Tiradentes Day: Brazil National Holiday

2 min read

Apr 21, 2015


By Laurie Liaume

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Tiradentes Day

What is Tiradentes Day?

Tiradentes Day is a Brazilian national holiday celebrated on the 21st of April to commemorate the martyrdom of Joaquim Jose Da Silva Xavier.  Joaquium Jose de Silva Xavier is a Brazilian hero that played an integral role in the Brazilian revolutionary movement. History of Tiradentes Day During the 18th century the gold mining industry was in decline and Brazilians struggled to stay afloat. Xavier saw his country hurting and was inspired by the French Revolution. He began planning a liberation movement called Inconfidencia Mineira in his hometown Minas Gerais seeking to liberate Brazil from Portugal. His plan was to take on the streets with other revolutionary enthusiasts on the day that taxes were due. Portuguese authorities found out about Xavier’s plan and he was arrested.  Xavier was put on trial for over 3 years until April 21st, 1972 when the authorities choose to publicly execute him. Xavier’s ideas influenced Brazilian political thinking and played a significant role in their fight for independence.  It wasn’t until three decades after Xavier’s death that Brazil gained independence and Xavier became a national hero. Why is it called “Tiradentes Day?” Xavier’s was an educated dentist.  Once he was arrested and put on trial his nickname became “Tiradentes” which means, “tooth puller” in Portuguese. How do Brazilian’s celebrate the holiday? On this day, government officials pay tribute to Joaquim Jose de Silva Xavier at his monument in Praca Tiradentes.  Tiradentes day may not be the most decorated holiday in Brazil, but it is still important to reflect on the role Xavier played in Brazil’s independence.   [contact-form to=’marketing@southamerica.travel’ subject=’News.SouthAmerica.travel-Tiradentes Day: Brazil National Holiday’][contact-field label=’Name’ type=’name’ required=’1’/][contact-field label=’Email’ type=’email’ required=’1’/][contact-field label=’Website’ type=’url’/][contact-field label=’Comment’ type=’textarea’ required=’1’/][/contact-form] Tiradentes Day

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